Product Metrics That Product Managers Should Be Aware Of

Product management metrics provide the key insights product managers need to track product health and overall performance. By placing and tracking the proper metrics, your product is more likely to offer you correct insights on what offers value to your modern customers—and assist in converting potential ones.

Product management metrics; Source: Qentelli

Learn what product control metrics are, which of them are most typically utilised by product groups, and how to pick out and track your metrics so that you can develop your business.

Why do product managers track product metrics?

Gone are the days of blindly guessing what humans want to look for in your product. Gut feelings, hypotheses, and the gamble of amassing comments from a small portion of your user base are impossible techniques for making huge or small product selections. If you want to stay ahead of the curve, part out the opposition, and—most importantly—put pressure on your potential and existing clients, you must set the proper metrics for your enterprise and tune them diligently.

Product managers use product metrics to:

  • Understand which capabilities are most popular, underutilised, or missing the mark altogether
  • Learn how customers engage with a product
  • Find out what number of users return after signing up
  • Gauge customer satisfaction with your product
  • Identify strength users and other user cohorts

Metrics to research and develop consumer engagement

Albeit much less relevant to stakeholders, purchaser-oriented metrics will show you how your product development efforts translate into person-to-person interactions. How many customers find and use your product? How much time do they spend on its typical or specific function? How do clients react to a particular planted movement or feature? Also, those metrics consist of statistics on people who stopped using a product suddenly (bounce charges).

Session length

This KPI is the very best way to measure digital product utilisation. The pleasant way to measure it is to take the whole time customers spend on your product, divide it among some customers, and take the suggested fee. Google Analytics calculates this wide variety for you.

Session length; Source: Chartio

How to apply the consultation length metric If you calculate the consultation length of a set of bounced or churned customers, you can find a clue on how to improve consumer interaction and apprehend what made them prevent using a product.

Traffic (paid/organic)

This KPI mostly applies to websites, while we use a wide variety of users for applications and software. It indicates the wide variety of those who located and visited the internet site. While organic site visitors are related to the range of traffic who observed a website through search, paid visitors count people who visited it from paid sources, for example, paid search, social media ads, or backed content.

Web Traffic; Source: Klipfolio

How to use traffic metrics Paid visitors allow you to discover whether you must hold the promotion and how accurate your concentration is. Traffic metrics additionally let the product manager understand which type of advertising is most powerful.

Bounce rate

Bounce rate is another metric. It allows for measuring the percentage of users who visited only one page of a website or app and left.

How to use bounce rates: The bounce rate lets you tune consumers and understand how to optimise your product to reduce this number and grow user attention. The next section makes a specialty of extra KPIs for attracting users.

Retention rate

Customer retention rate (CRR) is the percentage of clients who stay with the employer after a certain period. You can base your calculations on the number of downloads or first logins to the app.

Retention rate = Customers at the end of the calculated period – New customers / Customers at the beginning of the calculated duration x 100

Retention rate; Source: ProductPlan

How to use retention fee: Based on this KPI, you could recognise if and for how long you’ll be capable of preserving new clients while your patron retention charge is developing. If it dropped, you could be searching for a brand new competitor or a problem with customer support. According to the Product Benchmarks Report with the aid of Mixpanel, the average CRR for maximum software products is below 20 per cent over 8 weeks, depending on the enterprise.

You determine what type of incoming information to apply for CRR calculations: what motion is considered returning and over what period you should measure retention.

Churn rate

While the retention rate measures the proportion of users who stayed, the churn rate measures the ones you’ve misplaced. There are two churn charges: customer churn (quantity of users who cancelled paid subscriptions) and sales churn (quantity of sales misplaced because of purchaser churn). To measure the consumer churn rate, take the number of customers lost at some point in a certain term and divide it by the number of customers at the beginning of this term.

Customer churn rate = Customers lost / Total customers

Churn rate; Source: Codedesign

How to use the churn fee: In terms of commercial enterprise success, it’s more effective to take note of revenue churn than purchaser churn. However, client churn rates can tell you a lot about customer pride. Suppose you measure churn charges after introducing a new subscription plan or applying a new function. In that case, you may apprehend whether or not they were justified or no longer justified. Some KPIs let you measure the popularity of recent and old functions, and we will talk about them now.

Daily Active User/Monthly Active User ratio

Besides sales, the most valuable metric of product increase is the number of customers or subscribers for a set period. But the number of people who have subscribed to or purchased your product isn’t a primary KPI. What truly matters is the number of energetic customers. Metrics in this category track how much particular traffic or users you have in step with the day (DAU), week (WAU), or month (MAU). A particular vacationer visits an internet site at least once within a given period.

DAU/MAU; Source: Udit Tandon - Medium

Daily Active User (DAU): the variety of active users in keeping with the day. An “energetic user” is a person who signed in to an account and did some valuable activities.

Monthly Active User (MAU): the number of lively customers who do valuable activities within a month.

This KPI is carried out on mobile apps, online video games, websites, and social networks. A unique person is defined via ID and login. In identifying the “stickiness” of a product, observe the DAU/MAU ratio.

DAU/MAU = No of Daily active users / No of Monthly active customers

How to apply the DAU/MAU ratio: A DAU/MAU of 20 percent is considered a good signal, even though 50 percent shows extreme achievement. Growing DAU/MAU percent allows tracking a product's boom or decline. This ratio is utilised in forecasting, budgeting, or when you decide to expand new features. However, not every product should be used daily to be considered successful. You can use Uber once per week on a Friday night timeout or log into Airbnb twice a year. So, excessive-recency products are extra vulnerable to going viral.

Net Promoter Score (NPS)

This metric measures the variety of loyal clients likely to endorse a product (promoters) and customers who hate it (detractors). To calculate NPS, ask customers to rank your product from zero to 10. Detractors would provide it from zero to six points; users with 7-8 factors are neutrals, and people who gave it 9–10 are promoters. The NPS components are:

NPS = % of promoters – % of detractors

Net Promoter Score; Source: Helpshift

Bain and Company first added the metric and diagnosed that excessive NPS leads to 20–60 per cent of natural growth. The same is going for poor NPS—a high number of detractors has economic consequences.

How to use NPS: At some stage in the company, NPS awareness motivates personnel to deliver more, react to troubles faster, and get to the basis of detractors’ problems. Besides, any records found about detractors should be shared amongst all departments in a not unusual effort to improve the general enjoyment of your clients.


According to the State of Product Leadership 2019 survey by Pendo and Product Collective, most product managers still focus on product functions and function shipping. Product dreams remain their primary subject, while adoption, revenue, and person retention remain secondary or tertiary issues. Does it mean that product managers should continue measuring their achievements similarly? The survey indicates that it’s not a favourable strategy for a lucrative product: the less you focus on clients, the less successful your product will become compared to your competition. Here are several hints:

  • When choosing your predominant KPIs, consider that focus on user needs.
  • Align consumer, product, and commercial enterprise goals
  • Focus on the common index as opposed to the overall
  • Focus on unique time durations (week, month, day)
  • Accentuate KPIs that affect long-term growth in revenue

Remember that a product isn't pretty much the software itself; it's far more about the value and purchaser delight, so the most crucial metrics should be the consumer.

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